Canada or the maple-leaf country is well known as on of the ideal countries for immigration. This is possible because of the welcoming policies and the regulations that encourage immigrants to move to Canada.
Canadian immigration policies are convenient as per the need of the immigrants, and this includes the policies governing residency status. Canada offers work permit, student residency, business visas and permanent residency. Let us get to know about the Canadian Permanent Residency.
Canadian permanent residents are individuals who enjoy permission to work and live in Canada, but not citizens of Canada. They enjoy most of the rights of permanent citizens, and shoulder almost equal duties as citizens. Individuals with Canadian permanent residency are citizens of another country.
The Government-Assisted Refugee Program and the Private Sponsorship of the Refugees Program enable the refugees settled overseas to become permanent residents.
In order to become a permanent resident, an individual must reside in Canada for at least two out of five years. Other regulations regarding permanent residency application can be learnt from the official Canadian government websites: http://www.canada.ca/en/ and http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/
A Canadian citizen and a permanent resident differ with regards to certain rights and responsibilities. Let us have a look at the benefits of Canadian Permanent Residency:
As a permanent resident, the first privilege an individual gets is the eligibility to apply for the Canadian citizenship. The resident will be granted the citizenship upon successful fulfilment of the required criteria.
Permanent residents enjoy healthcare benefits as covered under the Canadian Universal Healthcare Program. The medical cover expenses include annual check ups, immunisation, emergency room visits, et cetera.
As a student holding permanent residency, an individual is eligible to study anywhere in Canada and attend any high school, college or university. As an permanent residency adult, a person is eligible to reside and work in any province in Canada.
An individual enjoys most of the rights of Canadian citizen including the right to equal treatment; legal rights such as presuming innocence until proven guilty, and the right to a lawyer and an interpreter; the right to protection under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Duties of permanent residents include payment of taxes, respect of Canadian laws at each level of federation, province and municipality, and other general duties followed by other citizens.
Permanent residents enjoy security benefits such as the Canada Pension Plan, the Guaranteed Income Supplement, the Canada Child Tax Benefit and are also entitled to the Old Age Security Program. Working parents are also entitled to maternity and paternity leaves as applicable to Canadian citizen.
A permanent residency or a PR card is issued to individuals who hold the permanent residency status and are planning to leave the country for a certain amount of time. This card is the official proof of an individual’s permanent residency. This card is necessary when re-entering Canada. In the absence of the PR card, a resident will have to apply for a Travel Document to enter back in the country. This wallet sized plastic card is also known as the maple leaf card.
However, there are certain elements that a permanent resident does not enjoy. As a holder of the Canadian permanent residency, an individual cannot:
In conclusion, the Permanent Residency feature of the Canadian immigration is ultimately very beneficial to immigrants and thus to the country too.
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